Guide To General Tolerance – ISO 2768 1&2 Standard

Guide to General Tolerance ISO 2768 1 ISO 2768 2 Standard PDF

There are a large number of spare metal or plastic parts will be designed and manufactured every day. If there is no tolerance standard to manage the dimensional of products, the designers and mechanics will be crazy, because it will add a lot of difficult work. In order to simplify the design and production of Machinists, the international tolerance organization has developed and issued this international tolerance standard, which can be used for machining, cutting, and other parts.

In this article, we will introduce ISO 2768 in detail. At the same time, we have prepared the latest revision PDF of ISO 2768 for download.

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    What is ISO 2768?

    ISO 2768 is an International Standard that created by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), it is intended to simplify drawing specifications for mechanical tolerances. Its creation and implementation make design and production more convenient, and make cooperation between different companies easier and closer.

    International Standard ISO 2768:1989 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 3, Limits, and fits, it comes in two parts, namely ISO 2768-1 and ISO 2768-2.

    ISO 2768 mainly applies to parts manufactured by machining or material removal. For part sizes without marked tolerance ranges, this standard should be followed. Please note that all tolerance limits are given in mm.

    Part 1: General Tolerances ISO 2768-1

    ISO 2768-1 is intended to simplify drawing indications and specifies general tolerances in 4 tolerance classes (f – fine, m – medium, c – coarse, v – very coarse). It applies for the linear dimensions and angular dimensions such as external sizes, internal sizes, step sizes, diameters, radii, distances, external radii, and chamfer heights for broken edges.

    If general tolerances in accordance with ISO 2768 shall apply, ISO 2768 followed by the tolerance class (Ex: ISO 2768-m) shall be indicated in or near the title block.

    The following is the tolerance table corresponding to the 4 class precision levels, you can choose the most suitable one according to machining capabilities and your design requirements.

    Table 1 - Linear Dimensions

    Permissible deviations in mm for ranges in nominal lengthsTolerance Class Designation (Description)
    f (fine)m (medium)c (coarse)v (very coarse)
    0.5 up to 3±0.05±0.1±0.2
    over 3 up to 6±0.05±0.1±0.3±0.5
    over 6 up to 30±0.1±0.2±0.5±1.0
    over 30 up to 120±0.15±0.3±0.8±1.5
    over 120 up to 400±0.2±0.5±1.2±2.5
    over 400 up to 1000±0.3±0.8±2.0±4.0
    over 1000 up to 2000±0.5±1.2±3.0±6.0
    over 2000 up to 4000±2.0±4.0±8.0

    For nominal sizes below 0.5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size(s).

    Table 2 - External Radii and Chamfer Heights

    Permissible deviations in mm for ranges in nominal lengths Tolerance Class Designation (Description)
    f (fine) m (medium) c (coarse) v (very coarse)
    0.5 up to 3 ±02 ±0.2 ±0.4 ±0.4
    over 3 up to 6 ±0.5 ±0.5 ±1.0 ±1.0
    over 6 ±1.0 ±1.0 ±2.0 ±2.0

    For nominal sizes below 0.5 mm, the deviations shall be indicated adjacent to the relevant nominal size(s).

    Table 3 - Angular Dimensions

    Permissible deviations in mm for ranges in nominal lengths Tolerance Class Designation (Description)
    f (fine) m (medium) c (coarse) v (very coarse)
    up to 10 ±1º ±1º ±1º30′ ±3º
    over 10 up to 50 ±0º30′ ±0º30′ ±1º ±2º
    over 50 up to 120 ±0º20′ ±0º20′ ±0º30′ ±1º
    over 120 up to 400 ±0º10′ ±0º10′ ±0º15′ ±0º30′
    over 400 ±0º5′ ±0º5′ ±0º10′ ±0º20′

    Part 2. General Tolerances ISO 2768-2

    ISO 2768-2 is for simplifying drawing and fixes general tolerances in 3 tolerance classes (H, K, and L), this part including General Geometrical Tolerances range of flatness & straightness, cylindricity, and circularity. You can check the tolerance chart below:

    Table 4 - General Tolerances on Straightness and Flatness

    Ranges of nominal lengths in mmTolerance Class
    HKL
    up to 100.020.050.1
    above 10 to 300.050.10.2
    above 30 to 1000.10.20.4
    above 100 to 3000.20.40.8
    above 300 to 10000.30.61.2
    above 1000 to 30000.40.81.6

    Table 5 - General Tolerances on Perpendicularity

    Ranges of nominal lengths in mmTolerance Class
    HKL
    up to 1000.20.40.6
    above 100 to 3000.30.61.0
    above 300 to 10000.40.81.5
    above 1000 to 30000.51.02.0

    Table 6 - General Tolerances on Symmetry

    Ranges of nominal lengths in mmTolerance Class
    HKL
    up to 1000.50.60.6
    above 100 to 3000.50.61.0
    above 300 to 10000.50.81.5
    above 1000 to 30000.51.02.0

    Table 7 - General Tolerances on Circular Run-Out

    Ranges of nominal lengths in mm Tolerance Class
    H K L
    0.1 0.2 0.5

    F.A.Q

    Metric, in ISO 2768, all tolerance limits are given in mm.

    If the drawing has an ISO-2768-mK mark, that means the dimension information for which the tolerance is not specified will be followed according to the m class and K class. For specific tolerance range values, please refer to the tables above.

    The same size of products, the marked ISO-2768-mH will be more difficult to process than the ISO-2768-mK. Because H the highest class, the tolerance requirement is tighter than that of K.

    General tolerance ISO 2768 does not specify where to use these tolerances. Tolerance class is defined as per design requirements and manufacturing capability. For example: for sheet metal parts ISO 2768–mK is used. And for CNC Machining, ISO 2768–fH can be used.

    Yes, these tolerances may be suitable for use with materials other than metal.

    Yes, here is a PDF of the latest revision of ISO 2768 Tolerance Charts, you can download for FREE.

    Yes, the near-identical standard is:
    • PN EN 22768-2 of 1999 that was published by The Polish Committee for Standardization.
    The equivalent standards are:
    • BS EN 22768-2:1993 that was published by the British Standards Institution.
    • DIN ISO 2768-2- German Institute for Standardization (Deutsches Institut für Normung)
    • JIS B 0419:1991- Japanese Standards Association
    • UNI ISO 2768-2:1991-Italian Standards
    • NS ISO 2768-2 Ed. 1 (1993)- Norwegian Standards (Norges Standardiseringsforbund)
    • GB/T 1184-1996- Standardization Administration of China

    Related Resources

    Summary

    In summary, tolerance is a very important and vital part of product design. The ISO 2768 standard defines general tolerance values, which greatly simplifies design work and production. Under this standard, we can have more effective communication, we can save more time and cost.

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